MDF
# 5 (60), 15 October - 15 November, 2015

Main Observations of Media Monitoring

The tendencies noted in the media during the period of 15 October – 15 November:

  • Many instances of discrimination were connected to several key developments: increasing conflict around Rustavi 2 TV; public showings of videos depicting violence in prisons; local election in Sagarejo.
  • Anti-Turkish sentiments were stirred again, with employment of the notion that since Kars Agreement is set to expire, Turkey will take over Adjara; also that construction of a mosque is done in order to use it as intelligence gathering center.
  • Anti-Western narrative highlighted the idea that for the Georgian population the coreligionist Russia is more acceptable than Europe with its strange and unacceptable values, etc. 

  • Obiektivi TV used local and Russia sources in trying to present USA and supporter of terrorism and aggressor;
  • Anti-Western and homophobic statements related to the attempt to introduce ‘Me and Society’ class at high schools co0ntinued during this period. The class was presented as the fight against traditional Georgian values; Clerical figures were particularly active in this regard.
  • Gender stereotypes and anti-Western sentiments were employed against the Republicans in relation to Sagarejo local election;
  • There also were instances of xenophobia, with attempts to use history to incite hatred towards Armenians, Turks and others. 

Russian sources

Geworld.ge, 12 November - http://Ok.ru/ ; “Литературная газета“; “Аргументы и факты”

Alia - woman.ru; science.compulenta.ru; Dr20.ru; etotupo.ru;

Kviris Chronika - woman.ru

Incitement of violence: politicians

Imedi, 20/30; , 23 October; Rustavi 2, Kurieri,; Interpressnews; Maestro; Pirweli; Public Broadcaster. Moambe; Imedi, Chronika; 22 October; Saqinform 23 October

Irakli Garibashvili, Prime Minister of Georgia: "For me, Saakashvili and his government and their leaders are the face of that masked man who is raping people in that video. You all have the last chance, I mean the National Movement, to apologize to the society and stop all provocations. Otherwise, these individuals will get what they deserve, and not just from the government if they break the law, but also from the people.They should be thankful that people have not done to them what is happening in those videos during these three years”.

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Sandro Bregadze, Deputy Minister of Diaspora:You cannot be soft and nice with the murderers, rapists and maniacs [the National Movement] who are planning a bloody coup in the country!

Geworld.ge, 21 October; Kviris Chronika, 19-25 October

Otar Chrdileli, „Georgian Dream“: „“The whore system! You scoundrels! I am addressing you the National MPs who have not condemned this and are trying to justify this, I wish that the youngest in your families are like that man with crutches, you psychopaths! Fuck you [MP] mandates! What rallies can you hold, you gang of unreformed bastards! Misha Saakashvili, you won’t come back to Georgia, you one born of rotten seed!“

Rustavi 2, Kurieri at 21:00, 28 October; Maestro, Kontakti at 20:00; 4 November, Kviris Chronika; 2-8 November;

Omar Nishnianidze - Georgian Dream: „These inside-out born bastards who come from the same vagina, unless we put them back there, this country won’t be helped“.

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Omar Nishnianidze, Georgian Dream: „These are most dirty people capable of anything, and unless Saakashvili’s evil sect is destroyed this country won’t develop!“

Interpressnews, 16 October; Imedi, Chronika, 16 October

Nukri Kantaria, „Georgian Dream“: „Whoever oversteps the constitutional order, whatever party they come from, will have their hands, legs and teeth broken, even if with the most humane law.“

Rustavi 2, Kurieri at 9 p.m., 22 October

Ozurgeti Sakrebulo representative: „Rustavi 2 won’t broadcast in Lanchkhuti!.. I am Georgian and I am telling you that you are public enemy, you, your TV company and your Gvaramia. F*ck you sectants! You are sectant pederasts!“

Incitement of violence: media

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 22 October

Bondo Mdzinarashvili, journalist: „No eggs, paint and welding of doors will help. They can be helped only with a big stick, with which one must pursue them and beat them until their flesh istorn and bones can be seen.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 26 October - 1 November

Jaba Khubua, journalist:Surely, because of those raped by Saakashvili regime Georgian people will have their revenge, so it is preferable that the law acts quicker than the people enraged by the National criminals!

Alia, 20 October

Levan Javakhishvili, journalist: „There is a saying – a sick person must be f*cked in the bed. After the 2012 elections the Nationals were such sick persons ready to get f*cked. But the Georgian Dream allowed them to get better, so now they are getting ready to f*ck the Dreamers themselves.“

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 11 November

Bondo Mdzinarashvili, journalist: "We all know very well that the National sect is a union of evil, a sect of evil, thus they must not exist in this country as a political force."

Incitement of violence: non-government organizations

Maestro, Kontakti at 20:00. 23 October

Lado Sadghobelashvili, Free Generation: „Rise Georgia!!! Act the Government!!! Tomorrow, in every city and town! Rallies! Break the nests of that bastards!!! Go to their homes!!! Beat them wherever you see them!!!“

Geworld.ge, 22 October

Nikoloz Mzhavanadze, Rights Defenders Union:

„We must take this garbage National Movement out of Georgia along with their followers... Those who support them are also criminals. Georgia must be cleansed of the rapists”.

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Gia Korkotashvili, Georgian Mission:If I could, I would love to beat the so-called middle-grounders and cleans the government of these ulcers.

Incitement of violence: society

Asaval-Dasavali, 26 October - 1 November

Koba Arabuli, writer: We must clean this country, which had been the victim of the National sectants,like a community after cholera, with harsh legal regime.

Alia, 4 November

David Okitashvili, Georgian Culture Chamber: „The court’s ruling is being expected, nobody is closing Rustavi 2, and he says – spill blood. For these words he must be not just arrested, but burned.“

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 14 November

TV viewer: „I call on the terrorists to conduct terrorist acts not against peaceful population, but against the Rockefellers, Soros, World Bank, Masonic churches and Masonic gathering places.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Robert Sturua, theater director:Where did these poisonosus snakes come ffrom: Saaka, Giga, Tengo, Gigi, their froends and relatives – Tatka, Tamta, Keti, Guchka, with their puppet thinkers, their cub snakes?Why should talentless passions of these evil people belong to the whole Georgian people?!Why should the world think that here on this holy land cannibals live – is 20th century not enough?!Those who defend these criminals are the most evil people in my opinion!

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Tsotne Gamsakhurdia, translator:Those who still have sympathy to the National Movement after seeing these videos are maniacs or scoundrels!... Those who protest that the prison videos are stages because broom is too big to be put into anus, let your loved ones, families, big and small get what would be of thesize to get in! I am ashamed to be born here... 

Incitement of violence: former officials

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Kakha Targamadze, former Minister of Internal Affairs„...You see, because he was not punished for his crimes he still does not rest now. I am telling you people, this man is Satan’s servant, set on our country. He has three ‘6’ on his forehead and when he talks fangs can be seen. You cannot see this, but servants of the Church can“.

Xenophobia: media

Kavkasia, Spektri, 13 November

David Akubardia, anchor: I am surprised why are they [Syrian refugees] going to the Christian countries? Would not they be more comfortable in Saudi Arabia which is closer? ... These people have very strange wishes… They cut Abo Tbileli’s head when there was 300 year Arabian rule… because he became Christian. I don’t want these incitements, but Murvan Kru crushed all Georgia: burned all cities, destroyed all towns and we Georgians defeated him where Akhali Atoni is now, otherwise it would be not just demographic problem, but ethnic change... It was terrible expansion, and Tamerlane killed 2 million Georgians… also Jalal ad-Din who ran from then Mongols and destroyed Tbilisi, it is a terrible background... 

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 14 November

Bondo Mdzinarashvili, journalist: „This tolerance brought terrorist acts to Europe, since they did not pay attention to multiculturalism in time… Especially after the huge number of refugees from Syria. Europe will be hit by a wave of terrorist acts.“ 

Xenophobia: clerics

Alia, 11 November

Elizbar Diakonidze: „How many Azeris have you seen who went to the Georgian Army? You haven’t, right? They get money for their votes and our boys have degenerate Minister of Defense!“

Turkophobia/Islamophobia: politicians

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 28 October

David Tarkhan-Mouravi - Patriots Alliance: „Turkey spends a great lot of money and practically is engaged in expansion in Adjara... Turkey tried in all countries, not just in Georgia, to construct Azizie mosque, and everyone knew that in truth this was not about a mosque. The scheme is as follows: they buy the country where the presumably construct a mosque, they bring a Turkish mufti, and then say – this is Turkey! In fact they have an intelligence gathering center there...“

Turkophobia/Islamophobia: media

Kviris Chronika, 9-15 November

Levan Javakhishvili, journalist: „Georgia is not a federal state yet and the Turks are trying to take Adjara from Georgia even without this… Especially difficult situation is in Kvemo Kartli. Muslim extremist group support separation of this region from Georgia, and their number is great. They… openly say that Kvemo Kartli belongs to Azerbaijan, that Gardabani and Marneuli were taken by Georgia from Azerbaijan and at least these two districts should be returned to Azerbaijan...“

Geworld.ge, 9 November

Konstantine Chikviladze, author:„ ...Turkey sees Adjara as its part… The threat is very real and is upon us: In 2021 expires the Kars Agreement, which is guaranteed by Russia and Turkey, and nobody can say what we should expect.“

Armenophobia: media

Geworld.ge, 4 November

Nikoloz Korinteli, author: „ ...Besides centuries of Armenian ingratitude… Mr. Bidzina perhaps has heard nothing about Armenian claims on the ancient territories of Georgia, and the claim that 442 churches in Georgia (more than exist in Armenia) were built by them and thus belong to them … Perhaps, he also does not know what is going on in Kobuleti and what threats Georgia may face in Samtskhe-Javakheti.“

Kviris Chronika, 9-15 November

Levan Javakhishvili, journalist: „The same situation is in Javakheti, we all know that Armenians want to take Javakheti from Georgia… These people are Georgian citizens and they know not a word of Georgian.“

Armenophobia: society

Geworld.ge. 28 October

Vladimer Tskhvediani, political observer: „...In 1830 Armenians kicked Georgian Muslim population from Javakheti, and most of it – from Samtskhe. But Armenians did not stop at ethnic cleansing of Georgian Muslims – they also continued to implement their aggressive and inhumane attitude by oppressing the Christianized population too... A man must be careful with a predator: you point a finger – it will bite it off, and it may take your life too.“

Racism: society

Kviris Chronika, 2-8 November

Aza Davitashvili, parapsychologist: „Liza came from a very poor family, a Negro who hated herself.“

Anti-Chinese sentiments: society

Asaval-Dasavali, 19-25 October

Tamaz Elizbarashvili, businessman: “ They are taking over Georgia and now they have begun eating dogs! So what if they are Chinese, they should respect us, no? ...I don’t know if they call this xenophobia, but this must be said: when the world is wary of the Chinese ethnos, why are we so carelessly tolerant?”

Religious discrimination: political parties

Alia, 16-19 October

Zurab Tkemaladze, Georgian Dream: „In the past, the National Movement made such amendments in the religion law, which need to be reviewed, it is possible that it emboldened the sectants, so that now they are already demanding these benefits.“

Religious discrimination: media

Alia, 16-19 October

Levan Javakhishvili, journalist: „On 5 June 2010 the National Movement committed a great crime against the Georgian people and adopted religious law, making other traditional religious organizations in Georgia equal to the Orthodox Church.”

Asaval-Dasavali, 9-15 November

Dito Chubinidze, journalist:Before the Jehovah’s Witnesses appeared in Georgia, there already had been their defenders! Before the National Socialists came to power in Germany and established their fascist dictatorship, Adolf Hitler had already written his „Mein Kampf“ 7 or 8 years earlier.

Asaval-Dasavali, 2-8 November

Giorgi Gigauri, journalist:It is very probable that the National Giorgi Papuashvili requested the government to protect him from the citizens because he is planning to make the Jehovah’s sect equal to the Georgian Church!...I have no doubt that the Georgian people won’t allow making heretics equal to the Mother Church!

Religious discrimination: society

Rustavi 2, P.S. 15 November

Respondent: „The Muslims want to conquer all of Asia Minor. They are kicking Christians out, so what else are they doing?“


Homophobia, xenophobia: media

Geworld.ge, 21 October

David Mkheidze: „Despite the anti-discrimination law unanimously adopted by the Parliament, the Republicans who are this law’s apologists and their American masters could not achieve holding of the gay parade in Tbilisi on 17 May, and they won’t be able to do so until Orthodox Christianity is “privileged” in Georgia and until there is at least one stool left.“

Kavkasia, Spektri, 28 October

David Akubardia, anchor: You know, the end of the 19th century was not all that sweet… There were wild relations. 80% of Tbilisi were not Georgians… It was dangerous for little boys to go to the street, the city was full of sodomites.

Homophobia: non-government organizations

Geworld.ge, 11 November

Avtandil Ungiadze, Orthodox Parents Union: “… The pupils may be tasked to play the role of a representative of some minority, such as LGBT or religious minority, which will provoke in the pupils not just tolerance towards sin, but also proclivity towards this sin.”

Homophobia: society

Rezonansi, 24 October

Nutsa Janelidze, music expert: "That guys on the 17 May rally should had been awarded, not arrested. Because they did not like that rally and said so loudly that they did not like it. I also don’t like it. God help hem use each other happily, but not on Rustaveli Avenue.".

Rezonansi, 24 October

Tedo Dundua, historian: "If this is not provoked and sponsored by someone, why did they have to go to the street, I just don’t get it. Why should LGBT go out, block streets, why should they bother us citizens?"

Interpressnews, 16 October; Asaval-Dasavali, 19-25 October

Levan Vasadze, businessman: I would like to express my delight with the legislative initiative of Soso Jachvliani, who has proposed to amend the anti-discrimination law, in order to take out from it propaganda of perversity and effort to advertise it.

Homophobia: clerics

21 October, Interpressnews; 21 October, Imedi, Kronika

Archpriest Andria Jaghmaidze, the Patriarchate’s Education Center:„According to teachers’ textbook, a teacher must be able to instill a child with the idea that relationship before marriage and same-sex relationship are normal family. If according to the standards of the class a pupil is obliged to play the roles of family members and neighbors, the teachers’ textbook says that they must play the roles of prostitutes and lesbians and this role playing is included into the pupils’ grades.“


Prime Time, 9 November

Father Alexander Galdava, prior of St. Michael the Archangel Church: „ ...That abnormal recognition of the same-sex marriage, which now is being called family, is unacceptable. Surely, we shall always be in conflict with such way of life.

Alia, 11 November

Father Elizbar Diakonidze:“ Do you remember that ill Kesaria-Besaria? They asked her in one TV show – when your child grows and in the age of 5-6 years asks you who are mom and dad – what will you answer? She answered – when my child is of that age, in Georgia heterosexuals may be more numerous than homosexuals. You know why does she have this idea? Because she sees that the government supports them.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 9-15 November

David Isakadze, archpriest:We are making the decisions which bring punishment… First of all, I mean the anti-discrimination law, where it is written that all perversities, including the perversity of Sodom and Gomorra, are normal.On the basis of this law we are facing new trial – they are officially introducing the teaching of Sodom-Gomorra in high schools...

Anti-Western sentiments: politicians

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 29 October

David Tarkhan-Mouravi Patriots Alliance: „What we have known as the truth for a thousand years is being questioned now in the modern world. For a thousand years we have known that man should not marry another man and now this is being questioned...

Anti-Western sentiments: media

Asaval-Dasavali, 19-25 October

Dimitri Chubinidze, journalist: „Mentally Georgian man understand guys living in faraway villages of Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria and Chechen-Ingushetia more that the pederast mayor of Paris or Berlin, or the creators of that kindergartens in Scandinavia where they make children play with sexless toys to breed sexless generation!“

Obiektivi, Political Night, 15 November

Valery Kvaratskhelia - journalist: „United States of America very often behave as a terrorist state.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 26 October - 1 November

Jeffrey Silverman, journalist: America and NATO are doing their best to create destabilization here through blackmail and blood... Great powers need Georgian territory for big political games.

Geworld.ge, 5 November

Nikoloz Korinteli, author: „These [Western] values oppose the centuries-old Christian Orthodox traditions of family, nation, education and morality, and propagate homosexuality, perversion and anti-religious ideas..."


Obiektivi, Night Studio, 11 November

Bondo Mdzinarashvili, anchor: „ ...How can I like the West which like the rapists – the Nationals, the West which likes the rigging Republicans.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 9-15 November

Giorgi Gigauri, journalist:...„When you make children of the heroes who died in the war take part in the Satanist rituals under the NATO supervision, it is not surprising that the number of the alliance’s supporters declines further! NATO is already called the “warriors of Apocalypse” all over the world, even without these Satanist occultist masquerades in Georgia!“

Anti-Western sentiments: non-government organizations

Geworld.ge, 21 October

David Mkheidze, People’s Assembly: „Majority of the Georgian population (and not just Orthodox Christians) sees the road to physical, mental and moral survival in the Eucharistic connection with the coreligionist Russian Church and strategic alliance with the Russian state. Not with the pederast-turned America, which forced our Parliament to unanimously support the anti-discrimination law which I destructive for Georgia and all cultural nations generally...

Geworld.ge, 21 October

David Mkheidze, People’s Assembly: „This “defender” [Public Defender] cares about sex-changing procedures getting easier in Georgia, and talks with the Western partners about how religious, sexual and other minorities are discriminated against in Georgia. ”


Geworld.ge, 22 October

Sources: „Литературная га­зета“, “Аргументы и Факты”

Givi Gurgeshidze, People’s Assembly: „USA does not value and care about our culture, identity and traditions at all... USA stubbornly imposes on us its way of life, language and pederast assocraty which is totally unacceptable for the Orthodox Christianity. Sorry, but I cannot find other name for the sodomy and perversion with which USA now threaten us… In Adjara, taken back with the blood of the Russian people, we now let the Turks flourish; and we worship the pederast USA and NATO;“


Geworld.ge, 4 November

Avtandil Ungiadze, Orthodox Parents Union: „We openly say: American Embassy wants to introduce Halloween, this pagan holiday, in Georgia… With such methods they are trying to fight against Orthodox Christianity.“

Geworld.ge, 4 November

David Mkheidze, People’s Assembly: “ To explain the neoliberal ideology in plain language, we can name the 4 ‘no’: no homeland, no nationality, no God and no gender. At that time [in 1920s] ‘no gender’ and glorification of pederasty was not as relevantas today is the LGBT paradise in the West...

Geworld.ge, 4 November

Avtandil Ungiadze, Orthodox Parents Union: „We openly say: American Embassy wants to introduce Halloween, this pagan holiday, in Georgia… With such methods they are trying to fight against Orthodox Christianity.“

Kviris Chronika, 9-15 November

Nikoloz Mzhavanadze, Rights Defenders Union: „During Saakashvili period people were raped in prisons, woods, and now our country is raped by the West… The West did not react on these videos.“

Rustavi 2, P.S. 1 November

Archil ChkoidzeChairman ofEurasian UnionGeorgia: “ ... They have allowed in Saudi Arabia for the husband to eat his wife, and USA very seriously support them, and say nothing about this, and they are partners of Saudi Arabia.“

See real facts on this issue in the Myth Detector. http://eurocommunicator.ge/geo/view_myth/169

Anti-Western sentiments: society

Geworld.ge, 21 October

Givi Sikaruslidze, actor:„U.S. Vice President Joe Biden openly said that they don’t respect any country which will be against man marrying another man and woman – another woman. And the country that is a servant of such country is doomed.“


Obiektivi, Political Night, 15 November

Source: „Россия“

Leonid IvashovPresident of the Russian Geopolitical Problems Academy: „The is the opinion that without professional Western services it would be impossible to stage this [Paris] terrorist act.

Rustavi 2, P.S. 15 November

Respondent: „All this is connected to America who crated that damned country [“Islamic State”], financed it, so now they have got strong and the whole world is threatened. You see what is upon us“.

Geworld.ge. 11 November

Hamlet Chipashvili, political observer, author: “ …If you stage gay parade and legalize same-sex marriage, there will be no country on Earth as democratic as ours."

Geworld.ge, 12 November

Iza Tamazashvili, philologist - author: „I spit on your Euro-Atlantic aspirations!... With the “friendship” with the West we reject Georgian values, which has been destroying Georgia for 25 years, since national values and Western aspirations are mutually exclusive.

Anti-Western sentiments: clerics

Prime time, 9 November

Father Alexander Galdava, prior of St. Michael the Archangel Church: "Joe Buden made a statement that only those can be friends of America who allow the same-sex marriages, while the rest will not have this friendship. Thus, this threat still exists today, it is real because Georgia has adopted anti-discrimination law.“

Asaval-Dasavali, 9-15 November

David Isakadze, archpriest: „This tiny group wants to degrade the Georgian people. Just think – if they take such details out of this class and conduct correct teaching about the institution of family, then there won’t be any point of introducing this class. But in such case the West and specifically American Embassy will severely punish some people!“

Asaval-Dasavali, 19-25 October

Boris Ivanov, clergyman:Today, “American faith” is strong in Georgia. What does “American faith” mean? It means “do whatever you want”! And this is not what faith means. Do you think it right that women in Georgia walk in trousers?

Alia, 10 November

Father Elizbar Diakonidze: “Many European countries that are “leading” for us are already talking about legalization of incest. When they start to talk about this here, Tina Khidasheli will of course need her cousins to justify all this.

(See material and real facts on this issue in the Myth Detectorhttp://eurocommunicator.ge/geo/view_myth/1)

Anti-Western sentiments: former officials

Asaval-Dasavali, 26 October - 1 November

Emzar Kvitsiani, former President’s regional representative:We should not be naqive. Wherever Americans are and there is any opinion expressed against them, there always is black smoke. They will do anything to set us against each other, so that then they can rule the country easily.

Sexism and gender stereotypes: media

Obiectivi, 11 November

Bondo Mdzinarashvilianchor:„Though one part of the public calls her [Tinatin Khidasheli] a female “Jako” so what is good about her?“

Kavkasia, Spektri, 11 November

David Akubardia, anchor: Their [police officers’] motivation was that he had insulted a woman investigator. Why do they have a woman in office at 2 a.m.? No, really, why an investigatior at 2 a.m. should be a woman?! Why could not it be a man?!... If I need to film something at 2 a.m., I will call a guy journalist, not a mother, a woman. "...

Alia, 13-16 November

Nino Samkharadze, journalist: „It is unprecedented fact in the modern history of Georgia when a woman politician is on a hunger strike and it seems this matter won’t end easily.“...“In fact, Irma Inashvili was robbed of her victory. That was a woman’s caprice. Tina Khidasheli did not allow her loss.“

Alia, 3 November

Source: science.compulenta.ru

„In the opinion of the beautiful sex, the lower the voice of their chosen one, the higher is the chance that they will become victims of infidelity. The stronger sex believes that on the contrary, those women are less faithful who have high voice.“ 

Kviris Chronika, 19-25 October

Source: youcure.me

„Hip’s size matters not just for the representatives of the beautiful sex, but for those of the strong one too.“

Gender discrimination: society

Asaval-Dasavali, 26 October - 1 November

Rezo Amashukeli, writer: That toads rushed at the Patriarch claiming to be protecting women, but where did His Holiness lie? Motherland stands on the woman, the mother, and the first function of a mother is to raise children.This is what these sick people fight against, they want both woman and man to be “mother” in the family, f*ck them...

Discrimination of people with disabilities: politicians

Geworld.ge, 12 November

Aleko Elisashvili, independent member of Sakrebulo -respondent: “I call on the National Movement: stop that obsessed schizophrenic of yours over there!”

Later he apologized: “I did not want to cause insult or pain to anyone. I publicly apologize. I will be more cautious in the future,he said.

Discrimination of people with disabilities: society

Obiektivi, Night Studio, 17 October

Alexander Papitashvili, professor: „It is such burden for the family and state when a child with some complications, an invalid is born... There are already methods of cure, and though outwardly a child with Down’s Syndrome will remain as he is,with special medicines used from the 8th to 9th week of pregnancy from the 10th, 11th week his mental development becomes normal and he practically is not retarded when born, just like majority he will be normal person useful for the society, only the looks of his will be those of a person with Down’s Syndrome.“


Newsletter was developed by Media Development Foundation (MDF) within the frameworks of the Promoting Integration, Tolerance and Awareness Program in Georgia, supported by USAID and implemented by UNAG.

Opinions and ideas provided in this newsletter are those of the Media Development Foundation (MDF) and do not represent the official position of the U.S. Agency for International Development and the UN Association of Georgia.